Archive for the ‘Zionist entity’ Category

Israel Opens Conduit for Turkish Trade

April 11, 2013
 
Published Thursday, April 11, 2013
 
Israel has opened its seaports and land border crossings for Turkish trade to and from Jordan, Iraq, and the Gulf states. In lieu of the Syrian route, the Israeli option is a safer alternative.

The weekly economic supplement of the Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth said that the Israeli decision came after a series of secret meetings that took place recently between Tel Aviv and its neighbors Jordan, Iraq, and Turkey.

These meetings, said the newspaper, prompted a change in Israeli policy, which enabled Ankara to use Israel’s sea and land ports.

According to the newspaper, the Israeli decision relates to goods that can only be transported by land, as opposed to by air. It added, “Ships carrying goods come from Turkish ports unload at the Haifa and Ashdod seaports. [Then the goods are] transported in Israeli trucks to the Sheikh Hussein land border crossing with Jordan.”

An Israeli satellite channel reported that the Sheikh Hussein land crossing with Jordan is now the site of active commerce. It confirmed that “the Israeli-Jordanian agreement was reached in cooperation with Amman and Baghdad.”

Israeli TV broadcast scenes of trucks carrying Turkish goods. The reporter talked to Turkish truck drivers who welcomed Israel’s policy change. One said, “Israel is good and we don’t have any problems with it. We deal with it positively.” Another driver confirmed “Israel’s kind treatment.”

This article is an edited translation from the Arabic Edition.
 

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Israel Favors Qaeda over Assad: Regime will not Fall Soon

April 11, 2013
Local Editor
 
Israel ruled out on Tuesday that the Syrian regime would fall anytime soon, pointing out that Israel did not favor Bashar Al-Assad over Al-Qaeda, as the first formed an “axis of extreme evilness”.

Amos GiladSpeaking to Yedioth Ahronoth, Head of the Diplomatic-Security Bureau in the Zionist Defense Ministry, Amos Gilad, indicated that the “deterioration in Syria has allowed groups such as Al-Qaeda to establish itself in the country,” yet highlighted that he did not favor Assad because he is in an “axis of extreme evil.”

On the Zionist entity’s relation with Turkey, Gilad considered that “reconciliation agreement” between both parts was important due to “Iran’s nuclear situation”.

“Turkey has been enemies with Iran or Persia for 1,000 years; it (Turkey) cannot allow them to arm themselves with nuclear weapons. Turkey is not ready for Iran to go nuclear,” Gilad told the Zionist daily.

The “Israeli” official further emphasized that “even if Israel’s relations with Turkey did not return to their previous level, the importance of the reconciliation agreement was in that it stopped the deterioration of relations between the two countries.”

Source: Israeli Media
11-04-2013 – 15:16 Last updated 11-04-2013 – 15:16

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RUSSIAN WARGAMES SEND STRONG MESSAGE AGAINST NATO INTERVENTION IN SYRIA

April 10, 2013

Posted on April 3, 2013 by

Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya

RT Op-Edge

A ship of the Russian Black Sea Fleet during large-scale military exercises Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered while flying back from the South African Republic to Moscow. (Screen shot of a video of Zvezda TV channel).(RIA Novosti)
A ship of the Russian Black Sea Fleet during large-scale military exercises Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered while flying back from the South African Republic to Moscow. (Screen shot of a video of Zvezda TV channel).

 

Is there a connection between events in Syria (maybe even US tension with North Korea) and Russia’s impromptu Black Sea war games that started on March 28, 2013?While on his way from Durban in South Africa, where the BRICS — Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa —announced they were forming a new development bank to challenge the IMF and World Bank, Russia’s Vladimir Putin gave the go ahead for unscheduled war games in the Black Sea. By themselves the games mean little, but in a global context they mean a lot.

According to the Kremlin, the war games involved about 7,000 Russian servicemen, Russian Special Forces, Russian Marines, and airborne rapid deployment troops. All of Russia’s different services were involved and used the exercises to test their interoperability. Over thirty Russian warships based out of the Ukrainian port of Sevastopol in the Crimean Peninsula and the Russian port of Novorossiysk in Krasnodar Krai will be participating. The objective of the games are to show that Russia could mobilize for any event at a moments notice.

The war games surprised the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Who even complained the Russian war games started in the Black Sea without prior notice. In fact, NATO asked Russia to be more open about its moves and give NATO Headquarters in Brussels notice of its military movements in the future. Alexander Vershbow, the American Deputy Secretary General of NATO, even demanded “maximum transparency” from Russia. One may ask, why the rattled bones?

Russian response to war plans against the Syrians?

Is it mere coincidence that Russia is flexing its muscles after NATO revealed it was developing contingency plans for a Libya-style intervention in Syria on March 20? Two days later, Israel and Turkey ended their diplomatic row through a timely agreement that was supposedly brokered by US President Barack Obama in twenty minutes while he was visiting Israel. Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced that with Obama’s help a deal was made with Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Erdogan to end the diplomatic rift over the Israeli attack on the Mavi Marmara in 2010.

Days later, this event was followed by the Syrian National Coalition (SNC) — a phoney opposition organization constructed by the US, UK, France, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey — being ceremoniously given Syria’s seat at the Arab League. In what appears to be an attempt at repeating the Libya scenario, the SNC is being recognized as the government of Syria. At the Arab League summit, the SNC’s leader Moaz Al-Khatib immediately called for NATO military intervention in coordination with Qatar’s call for regime change and military intervention in Damascus on March 26.

Ahmed Moaz al-Khatib.(AFP Photo / Karim Sahib)
Ahmed Moaz al-Khatib.(AFP Photo / Karim Sahib)

In a stage-managed move, the puppet SNC has asked the US, UK, France, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and NATO to enforce a no-fly zone with the aim of creating a SNC-controlled emirate or enclave in northern Syria. Al-Khatib has announced that he has talked to US Secretary of State John Kerry to use the NATO Patriot Missiles stationed in Turkey to create the no-fly zone over northern Syria. Effectively what he is talking about is the balkanization of Syria. Kerry seems to be on top of it. Victoria Nuland, the spokeswoman of the US Department of State, said the US is considering the request about imposing a no-fly zone. Even earlier, Kerry made a surprise visit to Baghdad and threatened the federal government in Iraq to fall into line with Washington’s regime change plans against Syria. He said he wanted the Iraqis to check Iranian passenger planes heading to Syria for weapons, but much more was said.

The American Empire’s satraps are all on the move. Qatar and Saudi Arabia no longer hide the fact that they are arming and funding the insurgents in Syria. In February, the UK and France lobbied the rest of the European Union to lift its Syrian arms embargo, so that they can openly arm the anti-government foreign fighters and militias that are trying to topple the Syrian government. Israel and Turkey have been forced to mend fences for the sake of the Empires war on the Syrians.

Obama realigns Israel and Turkey against Syria

The Israeli and Turkish rapprochement conveniently fits the aligning chessboard. Obama’s visit to Israel was about imperial politics to maintain the American Empire. As two hostile neighbours of Syria, Tel Aviv and Ankara will have deeper cooperation in the Empire’s objectives to topple the Syrian government. All of a sudden, the governments in both countries started complaining in line with one another about how the humanitarian situation in Syria was threatening them. In reality, Israel is not hosting any Syrian refugees (and oppresses Syrians under its occupation in the Golan) whereas Turkey has actually neglected many of its legal and financial obligations to the Syrian refugees it hosts on its territory and has tried to whitewash this by labeling them as foreign “guests.”

A child watches a woman washing a bassin at the Syrian refugee camp 5km from Diyarbakir, on the the way between Diyarbakir and Mardin, after snowfall, on January 9, 2013.(AFP Photo / Stringer)

A child watches a woman washing a bassin at the Syrian refugee camp 5km from Diyarbakir, on the the way between Diyarbakir and Mardin, after snowfall, on January 9, 2013.(AFP Photo / Stringer)
According to Agence France-Presse, the Israelis have even opened a military field hospital to help the insurgents topple the Syrian government. The military facility is located in an area named Fortification 105 in Syria’s Israeli-occupied Golan Heights (originally referred to as the Syrian Heights in Israel). It is essentially a support base for anti-government forces and only the tip of the iceberg in regards to Israeli involvement in Syria. Israel’s January strikes on Syria were the fruits of the cooperation between the Israelis and insurgent militias.

Sensing the suspicious eyes gazing at the Turkish government and perhaps getting unnerved by the Kremlin’s muscle flexing, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu has rejected he claims that Tel Aviv and Ankara were closing ranks against Syria. Davutoglu must have been unaware of what was said in Israel about their rapprochement. Even though Netanyahu vowed never to apologize for the killing of Turkey’s citizens on the Mavi Marmara, Tel Aviv’s apology to Turkey was publicly justified by the Israeli government on the basis of addressing Syria through coordination with Turkey. Many of the suspicious eyes that turned to look at the Erdogan’s government over the deal with Israel are Turkish. Davutoglu actually lied for domestic consumption, knowing full well that the Turkish public would be outraged to know that Prime Minister Erdogan was really normalizing ties with Israel to topple the Syrian government.

The message(s) of the Russian war games

The American Empire is arranging the geopolitical chessboard with is satraps in its ongoing war on Syria. Perhaps it plans on using Israel to do a re-play of the Suez Crisis. In 1956, after Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal, the UK and France drew a plan with Israel to annex the Suez Canal by getting Israel to attack Egypt and then claiming to intervene militarily as concerned parties who wanted to keep the Suez Canal safe and open for international maritime traffic. A new assault against Syria under the banners of the Israelis is possible and could be used as an excuse for a Turkish and NATO “humanitarian invasion” that could result in the creation of a northern humanitarian buffer zone (or a broader war).

A pattern can be depicted from all these events. At the start of 2013, Russia held major naval drills in the Eastern Mediterranean against a backdrop of tension between Moscow and the US-led NATO and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) coalition that has been destabilizing Syria. After the US and its anti-Syrian coalition threatened to intervene militarily and deployed Patriot missiles on Turkey’s southern border with Syria, a Russian naval flotilla was dispatched off the Syrian coast to send a strong message to Washington not to have any ideas of starting another war. In turn, the US and its allies tried to save face by spreading rumours that the Kremlin was preparing to evacuate Russian citizens from Syria, because the Syrian government was going to collapse and the situation was going to get critical.
A ship of the Russian Black Sea Fleet during large-scale military exercises Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered while flying back from the South African Republic to Moscow. (Screen shot of a video of Zvezda TV channel).(RIA Novosti)
A ship of the Russian Black Sea Fleet during large-scale military exercises Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered while flying back from the South African Republic to Moscow. (Screen shot of a video of Zvezda TV channel).(RIA Novosti)

Paralleling the Russian war games in the Black Sea, the Russian Air Force held long-range flights across Russia. This included flights by Russian nuclear strategic bombers. On the other end of Eurasia, China also conducted its own surprise naval war games in the South China Sea. While the US and its allies portrayed the Chinese moves as a threat to Vietnam over disputed territory in the South China Sea, the timing of the naval deployment could be linked to either Syria (or North Korea) and coordinated with Russia to warn the US to keep the international peace.

In a sign of the decline of the American Empire, just before the Russian war games in the Black Sea, all the increasingly assertive BRICS leaders warned the US against any adventurism in Syria and other countries. The Russian and Chinese muscle flexing are messages that tell Washington that Beijing and Moscow are serious and mean what they say. At the same time, these events can be read as signs that the world-system is coming under new management.
 

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The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this Blog!

Turkey awaits ‘total Syrian meltdown’ to lure Lebanon into Turkey-Israel ‘gas-cooperation-network’

April 8, 2013

FLC

“…The bottom line is that Ankara can cause serious headaches for the Greek Cypriot administration at a time when it least needs it, given Turkey’s growing importance as an energy hub that major companies can ill-afford to overlook. The hope among diplomats is that the Greek Cypriot administration will eventually wake up to the benefits of a Cyprus settlement, and cooperation with Turkey in the energy field.On the other hand, a Turkish-Israeli rapprochement does not mean that the two countries will have an easy ride in realizing their joint pipeline project, if this is decided on. Haaretz recently quoted industry sources saying that such a pipeline would have to pass through the economic zones of Lebanon and Syria before reaching Turkey, which is bound to be problematic.
The future of Syria, however, is in the balance today. Meanwhile, Lebanon is also searching for the vast offshore reserve it believes exists in its own economic interest zone in the Eastern Mediterranean. If proven, these reserves will have to be exploited with international cooperation.
 

A Turkey, that has consummated its ties with Israel by means of a strategic pipeline will have every reason to use its influence over Lebanon in order to convince it to join the network of cooperation in the Levant Basin for the sake of its own economic future and regional stability. 

This may appear a long shot from today’s perspective, but it is clear that the region is on the threshold of major developments today. It is seems therefore to be in the best interest of regional countries to play their cards right as the new “Great Game” unfolds at a time when it is clear that energy can be a cause for conflict as much as it can be a medium that catalyzes peace and cooperation.
Of course there is also an Iranian, and Russian angle to the Great Game in the Levant Basin, not to mention developments in Northern Iraq, which some may feel have been overlooked here.…”

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Israel’s "Red" Night: “The Largest Internet Battle in Mankind History”

April 7, 2013
Local Editor

 

Hackers vowing to wipe Israel off the map of the Internet had staged dozens of cyberattacks on Israeli sites on Saturday night.

The campaign by hackers around the world, has so far vandalized dozens of Israeli sites and released hundreOp-Israelds of e-mail addresses and passwords.
Sites serving Israeli government agencies, including the Securities Authority, the Ministry of Immigrant Absorption and the Central Bureau of Statistics were brought down, according to a list posted on hackersnewsbulletin.com.

Some 19,000 Israeli Facebook accounts were hacked by the group Anonymous in an “operation” called #OpIsrael.

The virtual campaign was launched by hackers affiliated with the Anonymous group in order to protest Israeli policies in Palestine. The organizers threatened to wage “the largest Internet battle in the history of mankind” that would eventually “wipe Israel off the map of the Internet.”
“You have not stopped your endless human right violations,” the group said in a post addressed to the Zionist eHacking of Israeli sitesntity’s government.

“You have not stopped illegal settlements. You have not respected the ceasefire. You have shown that you do not respect international law.”

“This is why that on April 7, elite cyber-squadrons from around the world have decided to unite in solidarity with the Palestinian people against Israel as one entity to disrupt and erase Israel from cyberspace.”

Israeli sources said that the attack was launched from areas in south Africa. Later on, the group was followed by other hackers from Arab and Muslim countries, including Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco.

The sources said that groups of hackers from Iran and Indonesia joined the campaign, adding that around 5000 hackers took part in the operation.

MEDIA OUTLETS DEPRECIATE ATTACK

Meanwhile, some media outlets appeared to be downplaying the cyberattack, with both Agence France Press and Arab television, al-Jazeera, along with Israeli media, reported that the attack was “failed.”
Op-Israel
“Hackers have launched an assault on Israeli websites, but the damage has been minimal as the Jewish state is prepared to fend off such attacks,” AFP said in its report.

“The hackers associated with the activist group Anonymous reportedly hit the websites of the premier’s office, the defense ministry, the education ministry and the Central Bureau of Statistics, among others”, the agency said, noting that: “but all appeared to be running normally.”

Meanwhile, al-Jazeera reported that “a weekend cyberattack campaign has targeted Israeli government websites but failed to cause serious disruption.”

It quoted an official at the Israeli government’s National Cyber Bureau, Yitzhak Ben Yisrael, as saying that the “hackers had mostly failed to shut down key sites.”

Below is the link of the post adressed by Anonymous to the Israeli government:
Anonymous Threat

Source: Agencies
07-04-2013 – 10:21 Last updated 07-04-2013 – 15:55

الشرطة الأردنية تلقي القبض على أحد أهم الهاكرز الأردنيين المعروف لدى أوساطه بـ «virus aser alrooh» لمشاركته بالهجوم الإلكتروني على الكيان الصهيوني

إسرائيل تسقط في “حرب الانترنت”..التلفزيون الإسرائيلي : إختراق موقع الإستخبارت الإسرائيلية من قبل الهاكرز

أعلن التلفزيون الإسرائيلي عن سقوط عشرات آلاف من الحسابات الإسرائيلية على موقع فايسبوك، بالإضافة إلى عشرات المواقع الحكومية الإسرائيلية،

أعلن التلفزيون الإسرائيلي عن سقوط عشرات آلاف من الحسابات الإسرائيلية على موقع فايسبوك، بالإضافة إلى عشرات المواقع الحكومية الإسرائيلية، بعد هجوم شنته مجموعة هاكرز مناهضة لإسرائيل تدعى “اوب إسرائيل”.

وكانت مجموعة “اوب إسرائيل” المناهضة للإعتداءات الإسرائيلية على الفلسطينيين أعلنت أنها ستجعل من يوم السابع من نيسان/إبريل يوماً عالمياً للمقاومة الإلكترونية بهدف شطب إسرائيل عن الشبكة العنكبوتية.

وقال مدير مكتب الميادين في إسرائيل إن عدداً كبيراً من المواقع الإلكترونية الإسرائيلية سقطت نتيجة هجوم الهاكرز، ومنها موقع دائرة الهجرة اليهودية ومواقع محاكم القضاء، وظهر على معظمها صور الأسير الفلسطيني سامر العيساوي.

ونقل مدير مكتب الميادين عن مدير دائرة السايبر ومعلومات الانترنت في الكيان الإسرائيلي روني بكار قوله “نحن لا نستيطع أن نفعل شيء، سوى أن نشاهد الحرب”، مؤكداً أن إسرائيل استخدمت قراصنة للرد وبدأت بضرب مواقع في باكستان وهي تتهم الفلسطينيين واللبنانيين بالمشاركة بالهجوم.

وقالت صحيفة هآرتس العبرية إن قرابة 19.000 حساب فيسبوك لإسرائيليين، تم تسجيل اختراقه من قبل قراصنة من حول العالم، يتبعون مجموعة مجهولة. وقالت الصحيفة عبر موقعها على الإنترنت، إن القراصنة هددوا بمحو خريطة اسرائيل من على شبكة الإنترنت، عبر شن هجمات واسعة النطاق مساء السبت، ضد عدد من الموقع الرسمية الاسرائيلية.

و اعلنت القناة الاسرائيلية العاشرة عن بدء الهجوم الالكتروني على دولة الاحتلال، وان ارتفاع الهجمات، وأوجها سيكون غدا الأحد.

واعلنت القناة العاشرة ان مساء السبت سقوط عدد من مواقع عده منها وزارة الاستيعاب وموقع سوق الأوراق المالية وموقع المحاكم الإسرائيلية ،كما تم اختراق بعض المواقع الشخصية الصغيرة .
وكتب على المواقع التي تم السيطرة عليها من قبل الهكرز كتبت شعارات دعت لتحرير فلسطين ، مع العلم أن الهجوم المركزي للهكرز مخطط ليوم غد الأحد.

وبحسب القناة العاشرة العبرية، فإن “المهاجمين نجحوا في اختراق وتدمير آلاف من حسابات الفيس بوك لإسرائيليين، وعشرات المواقع الالكترونية، منها مواقع بنوك ومؤسسات تعليمية”.

وكان خبراء إسرائيليون أكدوا أن الهجوم بدأ فعليا منذ أيام، فقد سجلت عمليات اختراق أنظمة الحواسيب الاسرائيلية مؤخرا ارتفاعا بنسبة 10 في المئة، وستصل مرحلة الذروة يوم غد الأحد.

ووضع القراصنة الإلكترونيين رسالة على أحد المواقع الإسرائيلية المخترقة، وتقول:

“نحن نسمع صراخ من غزة، نحن ندافع عن منطقتنا، بالسابق كانت الحروب بالطائرات والدبابات، أما ألان نحن ننتصر الكترونيا ونهزمكم في الفضاء الالكتروني، نجن ندمر، نحن نستطيع الوصول لصفحتك الشخصية، وجهازك الشخصي أينما تكون”.

ﻣﻦ أﻫﻢ اﻟﻤﻮاﻗﻊ اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﻘﻄﺖ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺋﯿﺎً ﺣﺘﻰ اﻟﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﻫﻲ 1 – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﻟﺒﻮرﺻﺔ اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﯿﺔ 2 – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺣﺰب ﻛﺎدﯾﻤﺎ 3 – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ وزارة اﻷﻣﻦ اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﯿﺔ 4 – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺻﺤﯿﻔﺔ ﯾﺪﯾﻌﻮت 5 – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﻹﺳﺘﺨﺒﺎرات اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﻲ 6 – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ اﻟﺘﺮﺑﯿﺔ و اﻟﺘﻌﻠﯿﻢ اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﻲ 7 – أﻛﺒﺮ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻟﻠﺘﺮوﯾﺞ و دﻋﻢ اﻟﺼﻬﯿﻮﻧﯿﺔ ﻓﻲ أوروﺑﺎ 8 – ﻣﻮﻗﻊ رﺋﺎﺳﺔ اﻟﻮزراء اﻹﺳﺮاﺋﯿﻠﯿﺔ – – –

 


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Anonymous launches massive cyber assault on Israel

April 7, 2013

Published time: April 06, 2013 20:18
Edited time: April 07, 2013 02:55

AFP Photo / Gabriel Bouys

Hacktivist group Anonymous has launched a second massive cyber attack against Israel, dubbed #OpIsrael. The collective threatens to “disrupt and erase Israel from cyberspace” in protest over its mistreatment of Palestinians.
Dozens of Israeli websites were unavailable as of early Sunday.

In a video message posted on YouTube, Anonymous said that on April 7, “elite cyber-squadrons from around the world have decided to unite in solidarity with the Palestinian people against Israel as one entity to disrupt and erase Israel from cyberspace.”

Addressing the Israeli government, the group stated: “You have NOT stopped your endless human right violations. You have NOT stopped illegal settlements. You have NOT respected the ceasefire. You have shown that you do NOT respect international law.”

Earlier on Saturday, an Anonymous affiliated group identifying itself as The N4m3le55 cr3w announced that they “have gathered 600 websites and 100 plus servers we will be attacking”throughout Israel. The list includes banks, schools, businesses and a host of prominent government websites. “That is just our targets,” the group warned.
“We cannot speak on what the rest of Anonymous will be attacking but we can guarantee it will be in the 1000′s.”

The massive cyber attack falls on the eve of Holocaust Memorial Day. Anonymous has accused the Israeli government of mistreating its own citizens, violating treaties, attacking its neighbors, threatening to shut down the Internet in Gaza and ignoring“repeated warnings” about human rights abuses.

“The estimations are that [the cyber-attacks] will reach an unusual level that we have never seen before,” Deputy Information Security Officer Ofir Cohen said in an e-mail sent to Knesset employees on Thursday, The Jerusalem Post reported.

Cohen added that the E-government – the Israeli government’s information security body – and the Knesset’s internet service provider (ISP) are working to block the attack.

On Wednesday, thousands of Israeli Facebook users were infected by a virus, although its effects at this point appear to be minimal.
Reuters / Nacho Doce

On Friday, Israeli radio reported that scores of large organizations had closed their websites to shield them from hacker attacks.
Despite the impending threat, Lior Tabansky, a fellow at the Yuval Ne’eman Workshop for Science, Technology, and Security of Tel Aviv University, told the Times of Israel that distributed denial of service (DDos) attacks, which work by overwhelming targeted servers with traffic which stems from multiple systems, are the only tool at the hackers’ disposal.
“Unless they have names and passwords, [DDoS] is really their only attack strategy. Unfortunately, there is little a company can do to stop it, but it is not the major cyber-threat many people, especially in the media, believe it to be. It’s more of an annoyance, and if they do manage to intimidate sites into submission, the victory will be one of public relations.”However, other experts have warned that the hackers may attempt to deploy malware such as “Trojan horses”, which can steal information and harm host computer systems.
Screenshot from gov-israel.com
Anonymous launched the first ‘OpIsrael’ cyber-attacks in November 2012 during Operation Pillar of Defense, an eight day Israeli Defense Force (IDF) incursion into the Gaza s trip.
Some 700 Israeli website suffered repeated DDos attacks, which targeted high-profile government systems such as the Foreign Ministry, the Bank of Jerusalem, the Israeli Defence Ministry, the IDF blog, and the Israeli President’s official website.
The Israeli Finance Ministry reported an estimated 44 million unique attacks on government websites over a four day period.
Following ‘OpIsrael,’ Anonymous posted the online personal data of 5,000 Israeli officials, including names, ID numbers and personal emails.
The group also took part in an attack in which the details of some 600,000 users of the popular Israeli email service Walla were released online.
Screenshot from isscongress.co.il

Published Sunday, April 7, 2013
 
Dozens of Israeli websites were hacked in early morning hours Sunday, including pages of the prime minister’s office and the Tel Aviv stock exchange, in the largest cyber offensive on the Jewish state yet.

The operation is being dubbed #OpIsrael and is said to be led by the hackers group, Anonymous, which says it aims to wage hacking operations against human rights violators. Several official websites were covered in photos of long-time hunger striker Samer Issawi, deceased Palestinian prisoner Maysara Abu Hamdiyeh, and slain Hezbollah commander Imad Mughniyeh.

The names and email addresses of some 1,500 Mossad agents have also reportedly been made public in a Google Doc.
 

The organizers said Sunday would be “the largest Internet battle in the history of mankind” that would eventually “wipe Israel off the map of the Internet” on April 7, Holocaust Memorial Day. Over 19,000 Israeli Facebook pages are reportedly down. Below is an Anonymous video warning of Sunday’s offensive:

Israel has staged incursions into some West Bank towns, such as Hebron, in recent hours, raiding houses and confiscating computers, according pan-Arab network Al-Mayadeen and several activists.
Anonymous first waged a cyber-attack on Israel in November 2012 during Israel’s vicious eight day assault on the Gaza Strip, targeting 700 websites.

The following tweet includes a list of sites whose hacking had been verified by anonymous. Al-Akhbar can confirm that the sites of ISS Congress, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office, the Tel Aviv stock exchange, the Defense Ministry, the Finance Ministry and several others were down at 2:30 AM local time Sunday.
 

إسرائيل تسقط في “حرب الانترنت”..التلفزيون الإسرائيلي : إختراق موقع الإستخبارت الإسرائيلية من قبل الهاكرز

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أعلن التلفزيون الإسرائيلي عن سقوط عشرات آلاف من الحسابات الإسرائيلية على موقع فايسبوك، بالإضافة إلى عشرات المواقع الحكومية الإسرائيلية،
أعلن التلفزيون الإسرائيلي عن سقوط عشرات آلاف من الحسابات الإسرائيلية على موقع فايسبوك، بالإضافة إلى عشرات المواقع الحكومية الإسرائيلية، بعد هجوم شنته مجموعة هاكرز مناهضة لإسرائيل تدعى “اوب إسرائيل”.

وكانت مجموعة “اوب إسرائيل” المناهضة للإعتداءات الإسرائيلية على الفلسطينيين أعلنت أنها ستجعل من يوم السابع من نيسان/إبريل يوماً عالمياً للمقاومة الإلكترونية بهدف شطب إسرائيل عن الشبكة العنكبوتية.

وقال مدير مكتب الميادين في إسرائيل إن عدداً كبيراً من المواقع الإلكترونية الإسرائيلية سقطت نتيجة هجوم الهاكرز، ومنها موقع دائرة الهجرة اليهودية ومواقع محاكم القضاء، وظهر على معظمها صور الأسير الفلسطيني سامر العيساوي.

ونقل مدير مكتب الميادين عن مدير دائرة السايبر ومعلومات الانترنت في الكيان الإسرائيلي روني بكار قوله “نحن لا نستيطع أن نفعل شيء، سوى أن نشاهد الحرب”، مؤكداً أن إسرائيل استخدمت قراصنة للرد وبدأت بضرب مواقع في باكستان وهي تتهم الفلسطينيين واللبنانيين بالمشاركة بالهجوم.

وقالت صحيفة هآرتس العبرية إن قرابة 19.000 حساب فيسبوك لإسرائيليين، تم تسجيل اختراقه من قبل قراصنة من حول العالم، يتبعون مجموعة مجهولة. وقالت الصحيفة عبر موقعها على الإنترنت، إن القراصنة هددوا بمحو خريطة اسرائيل من على شبكة الإنترنت، عبر شن هجمات واسعة النطاق مساء السبت، ضد عدد من الموقع الرسمية الاسرائيلية.

و اعلنت القناة الاسرائيلية العاشرة عن بدء الهجوم الالكتروني على دولة الاحتلال، وان ارتفاع الهجمات، وأوجها سيكون غدا الأحد.

واعلنت القناة العاشرة ان مساء السبت سقوط عدد من مواقع عده منها وزارة الاستيعاب وموقع سوق الأوراق المالية وموقع المحاكم الإسرائيلية ،كما تم اختراق بعض المواقع الشخصية الصغيرة .
وكتب على المواقع التي تم السيطرة عليها من قبل الهكرز كتبت شعارات دعت لتحرير فلسطين ، مع العلم أن الهجوم المركزي للهكرز مخطط ليوم غد الأحد.

وبحسب القناة العاشرة العبرية، فإن “المهاجمين نجحوا في اختراق وتدمير آلاف من حسابات الفيس بوك لإسرائيليين، وعشرات المواقع الالكترونية، منها مواقع بنوك ومؤسسات تعليمية”.

وأشارت مصادر صحفية إلى أن “مواقع عده سقطت بأيدي القارصنة، منها وزارة الاستيعاب، وموقع سوق الأوراق المالية، وموقع المحاكم الإسرائيلية، إضافة إلى موقع واللا العبري، ويعتبر من أهم المواقع الإلكترونية الإخبارية التابعة لاسرائيل”.

وكان خبراء إسرائيليون أكدوا أن الهجوم بدأ فعليا منذ أيام، فقد سجلت عمليات اختراق أنظمة الحواسيب الاسرائيلية مؤخرا ارتفاعا بنسبة 10 في المئة، وستصل مرحلة الذروة يوم غد الأحد.

ووضع القراصنة الإلكترونيين رسالة على أحد المواقع الإسرائيلية المخترقة، وتقول:

“نحن نسمع صراخ من غزة، نحن ندافع عن منطقتنا، بالسابق كانت الحروب بالطائرات والدبابات، أما ألان نحن ننتصر الكترونيا ونهزمكم في الفضاء الالكتروني، نجن ندمر، نحن نستطيع الوصول لصفحتك الشخصية، وجهازك الشخصي أينما تكون”.

ISRAEL EXPOSED

April 4, 2013
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The determining factor in Jewish politics which is causing all this turmoil is not internal to Israel . It is external to Israel . Israel is going through a great instability and a great existential crisis and insecurity for the reason that it is being for the first time threatened in its own existence by the Hizbullah of Lebanon who – not only defeated Israel twice- but has put all of the occupied territories within reach of the missiles of the Resistance . One cannot underestimate such thing . Due to this, Israel has become exposed as a vulnerable country , it has become the paper tiger that it really is . Now Israel cannot coexist with this image; for this reason, it has developed many strategies to deal with this fact . It is trying to acquire a “real identity”- that might be in this instance that of Apartheid- and to come up with a new image altogether which required to coordinate with certain Palestinian groups whose interests and motives and goals happened to intersect with Israel’s interests . Sectarianism is very useful and could help isolate the Resistance and protect Israel like nothing could protect it, and prevent the model of the Lebanese Resistance from pervading the whole Arab world . It is against the armed Resistance of Hizbullah and against Iran that both sectarian Arabs and Palestinians and anti Zionist Zionists have found a common ground.

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian  
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this Blog!

Children beaten and blindfolded by Israeli troops

April 3, 2013
In February, the number of Palestinian children between 12 and 15 years who were detained by Israel rose from 31 to 39. Almost 60 percent of the 236 Palestinian child detainees of all ages have been unlawfully transferred to prisons inside Israel. Children were arrested and detained during the recent protests in support of Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike.
These facts have been made public by Defence for Children International – Palestine Section (DCI-PS). The organization’s 2013 case summaries make for chilling reading.

Shoved to the ground

For example, Israeli soldiers used excessive force during the arrest of 15-year-old Jaber. In the middle of the night, dozens of soldiers raided the boy’s home when they came searching for him. Jaber’s mother witnessed how her son was dragged from his bed to the front yard of the family home in Beit Ur al-Tahta (near Ramallah),  DCI-PS reported on 28 March.
 
The soldiers shoved the boy to the ground, and kicked and punched him several times. Jaber trembled and cried when soldiers surrounded him with three dogs. The soldiers searched the home for several hours. All the time, Jaber was forced to stay outside in the cold without adequate clothing. After the soldiers had tied his hands behind his back and blindfolded him, he was taken away in a military jeep.

DCI-PS found that Jaber has been held at the Moskobiyyeh jail in West Jerusalem (also known as the Russian Compound). It is not the first time that Jaber was arrested. Last year, he already spent nine months in prison for throwing stones.

“Really scared”

On 5 March, nine-year-old Mo’men ran away from a demonstration in Hebron. Near his home, he ran into a group of Israeli soldiers. They grabbed him in the neck and by his left shoulder and took him to a room near Shuhada Street. “I was very scared of them especially when they grabbed me by my neck,” said Mo’men. “I was really scared and worried about what would happen to me.”
In the room, he was held with several teens. He was blindfolded and his hands were tied in front of him with two plastic cords. A military jeep took him to the police station in the settlement of Kiryat Arba, where he was forced to sit outside until 9.30 in the evening — all the time his hands were tied and he was blindfolded. He was brought back to Shuhada Street in a military jeep where he was turned over to the Palestinian Authority’s police. Soon after that, he was reunited with his father.
According to Israeli law, children under the age of twelve are not criminally liable and may not be arrested, interrogated as a suspect or brought to trial.

Punched and kicked

Seventeen-year-olds Ahmad and Moath were arrested by Israeli soldiers during a demonstration near Huwara checkpoint (south of Nablus) on 3 March. In their testimonies, they said that they were chased by four Israeli soldiers who punched and kicked and hit them with the stocks of their rifles. Their hands were tied behind their backs with a plastic cord and they were blindfolded. They were physically assaulted in the back of a military jeep on the way to Huwara interrogation and detention center. While blindfolded they heard soldiers using mobile phones to take photos of them, both alone and with soldiers next to them.
Soldiers punched and kicked them before they were again put in a military jeep, still blindfolded and with their hands tied. They were taken to Ariel police station where they were interrogated without the presence of an attorney or family member. They were not informed of their rights. They both provided confessions and signed statements in Arabic without being allowed to read the statement or understand the contents. The following day, they were unlawfully transferred to Megiddo prison inside Israel.

Forced to sign statements

On 25 February, 14-year-old Hassan was arrested by Israeli soldiers during clashes between youths and soldiers near Huwara checkpoint. Soldiers chased Hassan through a field and caught him because he had breathing problems from inhaling teargas. A soldier knocked him down from behind and hit him several times with a wooden stick on the legs.
Hassan testified that he was punched in the face and kicked in the stomach, then grabbed by the neck. His hands were tied tightly behind his back with a plastic cord, causing him pain. He was blindfolded and transferred to Ariel police station. In the interrogation room at the police station, he complained that his hands hurt; they were swollen and looked blue. The interrogator unbound his hands. Hassan denied he had thrown stones at the soldiers.
Hassan gave in after he was intimidated by the interrogator who promised to send him home if he confessed. “But if you don’t, I’ll lock you away for six months and forbid you to enter Israel.” Hassan had to sign a statement in Hebrew. On 28 February, he was released on a bail of 3,000 shekels (almost $650). However, the charges can be filed against him at any time within six months from his arrest.
On 25 February, 15-year-old Baha was arrested by three soldiers while he was on his way home from school. At Ariel police station, an interrogator forced Baha to sign papers written in Hebrew. Baha told DCI-PS that he had asked the interrogator “to explain what was written but he refused and shouted and made me sign the papers.” Baha testified that he did not confess, although the interrogator had pressurized him to admit he had thrown stones.

Beaten for complaining 

hendiandmajd.03.04.13.jpg

Two teens, Hendi and Majd, complained about abusive behavior by Israeli interrogators. (DCI-Palestine Section)
Meanwhile, DCI-PS has submitted two complaints about the abusive behavior of interrogators at Ariel police station in February. Sixteen-year-old Majd testified that one interrogator hit his face with a stick during his second interrogation. Another interrogator violently shook him until he was dizzy. Hurt, scared and tired, Majd confessed to throwing stones after enduring two hours of ill-treatment. The other complaint concerned verbal abuse of a sexual nature against a 16-year-old boy.

Both teens were arrested in an early morning raid on 9 February. The soldiers tied their hands tightly behind their backs and blindfolded them. Majd said the soldiers transferred them to different detention facilities — including Ariel police station — a number of times. Soldiers beat them when they complained that the plastic ties were too tight.

According to DCI-PS, children who are arrested arrive blindfolded, with their hands tied and deprived of sleep at Israeli interrogation centers. They are denied the right to be accompanied by their parents and they have no access to a lawyer. They are seldom informed of their rights. The interrogations are in general mentally and physically coercive, often combining elements of intimidation, threats and physical violence. The interrogation techniques used are clearly aimed at obtaining a confession.
Instead of this abuse and ill-treatment, children should be entitled to have a parent present at all times during interrogation, have access to a lawyer of their choice prior to interrogation, and preferably throughout the interrogation process. Moreover, all interrogations of children should be recorded with audio-visual equipment.
The latest testimonies leave no doubt that Israel routinely violates the rights of the vulnerable. 

River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this Blog!

“Hezbollah Will Shake Ground If a War Breaks Out” – Iron Dome Cannot Protect Civilians: Zionist Commander

April 3, 2013
 
Local Editor
 
Yahya Dbouq – Al-Akhbar

Hezbollah military mightHead of Technological and Logistics Directorate in the Zionist Army, Major General Kobi Barak, stated on Monday that “the ground will shake in Israel by Hezbollah’s missiles if a war breaks out on the Lebanese front.”

Speaking before recruitments in Tze’elim military base, Barak called upon new Zionist soldiers to be more linked to reality in what is related to the upcoming war with Hezbollah, according to the Hebrew news website Walla.

He indicated that “any improper field deployment will cause casualties within the Israeli army’s ranks. This requires us to get prepared and deploy in a better way; otherwise, we will receive severe blows.”

“Our future officers should realize in advance that a real war will begin on the home front; as the security agency reports that 1,200 missiles will fall daily on Israel if a confrontation with Hezbollah breaks out,” Barak added

General Barak further pointed out that the Lebanese field is the most vulnerable to explosion: “This requires us to be prepared for attempts by Hezbollah to diminish the army’s ability to move and drill,” he said, adding that “the first day of the coming war will witness the firing of accurate heavy artillery barrages.

“In the first day of the next war, heavy barrages of rockets will be launched against the main army centers primarily located in the military assembly areas, emergency stores and supply and logistics bases,” he added.

According to the website reporter for Military Affairs, Amir Bouchbot, officials in the Division of Technology and Logistics estimate that «everything on the map will be targeted by Hezbollah. On this basis, the goal of the exercises is to enable military forces from the quick exit of bases, reduce casualties within ranks and reduce the possibility of targeting stores and depots of ammunition and military equipment.

The sources added that the Logistics Division finally carried out various activities in preparation for the next war, including unannounced war scenarios, noting that “preparations ranging from food supplies for troops in the early hours of the war to the mental preparation of leaders.”
However, they warned that “military support troops will be exposed rom the first moment of the battle, including their heading to stores to receive military equipment, and during engagement with the enemy on its territory.

Moreover, “The Guardian” British daily reported that the Iron Dome anti-short range-missile system will not be allocated for protecting cities and residential buildings in event of a war with Hezbollah, but only to protect a number of sensitive military sites, such as Air Force airports, in addition to a number of otherof strategic locations, such as power and electricity plants.

Source: Websites
02-04-2013 – 20:44 Last updated 02-04-2013 – 20:44

Iron Dome Cannot Protect Civilians: Zionist Commander

Local Editor
 

Zionist Iron Dome defense systemThe Zionist anti-missile system cannot fully protect civilians from rocket attacks during a war, as it was installed primarily to defend strategic military sites, the Zionist ‘Home Front commander’ has admitted amidst growing criticism of the system, RT website reported.
“There are five Iron Dome units currently operating in Israel, which is not enough to protect Israel from rocket fire by Lebanon’s Hezbolla,” Home Front Command head Major General Eyal Eisenberg told Haaretz in an interview.

The Iron Dome is a US-funded anti-missile system developed to destroy short-range rockets and artillery shells.

For Israel to be able to fully protect its civilian population, it would need at least 10 working Iron Dome batteries in targeted regions, which it will not be able to acquire for at least another two years,” he added.

“But it has to be remembered that the anti-missile batteries only protect specified zones, mainly in the big cities… Self-defense instructions are issued to civilians as though there were no such defense systems,” Eisenberg said.

The buzz surrounding the system’s successes inside the occupied territories prompted US President Barack Obama to make his first stop during his March visit to the entity at an Iron Dome installation.
However, the achievements of the Iron Dome have given Zionist civilians a false sense of security, Eisenberg argued: “Because of Iron Dome, the civilian population perceived the confrontation as being less intensive than it actually was.”

There has also been growing criticism over how successful the system has been at intercepting “enemy missiles,” with US and Zionist security experts arguing that Iron Dome would fail to protect the entity of occupation from more serious attacks

“There are many question marks about Iron Dome now. The system may be good psychologically because it makes Israelis feel safer. But it makes no difference in saving lives,” military analyst and former Zionist fighter pilot Reuven Pedatzur told the National.

Pedatzur argued that the development of Iron Dome was a “mistake,” both strategically and cost-wise, as intercepting one enemy rocket with the system costs at least $50,000. The Zionist Iron Dome interceptions during Operation Pillar of Defense cost $25 to $30 million, according to a statement of the Jewish government.

Despite the debate around the Iron Dome, the US has helped finance the system by contributing an initial $275 million, and recently pledged an additional $680 million for deployments through 2015, with Congress calling the system “very effective.”

The New York Times reported that weapons experts who analyzed online videos of Iron Dome’s hits and misses from November suggested that its interception rate was actually no higher than 30 to 40 percent.

Eisenberg also expressed concern that the enemies of the Jewish entity may possess more advanced weapons. “The threat is changing before our eyes. In the next war, for the first time, we might have more civilians killed on the home front than soldiers on the combat front,” he said.

Hezbollah reportedly possesses 5,000 warheads – if it launched a full-scale attack, the entire Tel Aviv metropolitan area would be under massive bombardment, Eisenberg added.

Source: Websites
01-04-2013 – 21:35 Last updated 01-04-2013 – 21:35

إسرائيل: حزب الله سيزلزل الأرض إذا وقعت الحرب

يحيى دبوق
«الأرض ستتزلزل في إسرائيل جراء سقوط صواريخ حزب الله عليها، في حال اندلعت الحرب على الجبهة اللبنانية». تأكيد صدر عن قائد شعبة التكنولوجيا واللوجستيك التابعة للأركان العامة في الجيش الاسرائيلي، اللواء كوبي باراك، أمام دورة أغرار أنهت تدريباتها أخيراً في قاعدة «تساليم» العسكرية، جنوب تل أبيب.

وعرض اللواء باراك، كما نقل عنه موقع «واللا» الإخباري العبري على الإنترنت، دعوته الجنود الاسرائيليين الجدد الى الارتباط أكثر بالواقع، في كل ما يتعلق بالحرب المقبلة مع حزب الله، مشيراً الى أن «أي انتشار غير صحيح ميدانياً سيؤدي الى قتلى وجرحى في صفوف الجيش الاسرائيلي، الأمر الذي يفرض علينا الاستعداد والانتشار بصورة أفضل، وإلا فسنتلقى الضربات». وأضاف أن «على ضباط الغد أن يدركوا مسبقاً أن الحرب الحقيقية ستبدأ في الجبهة الداخلية. فالمؤسسة الأمنية تتحدث عن 1200 صاروخ تسقط يومياً على إسرائيل، في حال اندلعت المواجهة مع حزب الله».
وأشار اللواء باراك الى أن «الساحة اللبنانية هي الأكثر عرضة للانفجار، الأمر الذي يفرض الاستعداد مسبقاً لمحاولات سيقدم عليها حزب الله لتقليص قدرة الجيش على التحرك والمناورة»، مضيفاً أن «اليوم الاول للحرب المقبلة سيشهد إطلاق صليات ثقيلة من الصواريخ الدقيقة ضد المراكز الاساسية للجيش، الموجودة بشكل أساسي في مناطق التجمع العسكرية ومخازن الطوارئ وقواعد الإمداد واللوجستيك».

وبحسب مراسل الموقع للشؤون العسكرية، أمير بوخبوط، فإن «المعنيين» في شعبة التكنولوجيا واللوجستيك يقدّرون أن «كل ما هو موجود على الخريطة سيجري استهدافه من قبل حزب الله، وعلى هذا الأساس فإن الغاية من التدريبات هي تمكين القوات العسكرية من الخروج سريعاً من القواعد، وتقليص الإصابات في صفوفها، وأيضاً تقليص استهداف مخازن ومستودعات الذخيرة والعتاد العسكري».

وتضيف المصادر المعنية أن شعبة اللوجستيك نفّذت أخيراً أنشطة متعددة استعداداً للحرب المقبلة، ومن بينها سيناريوات حرب مفاجئة، مشيرة الى أن «الاستعدادات تتراوح ما بين إعداد الغذاء والمؤن للقوات في الساعات الاولى للحرب، وصولاً الى إعداد القادة ذهنياً». إلا أن المصادر نفسها حذرت من أن «قوات الدعم العسكرية ستكون مكشوفة من اللحظة الاولى للمعركة، بما يشمل توجهها الى المخازن لتسلّم العتاد العسكري، وأيضاً في مرحلة اشتباك القوات على الأرض مع العدو في أرضه».

الى ذلك، ذكرت صحيفة «غارديان» البريطانية أن منظومة القبة الحديدية المضادة للصواريخ القصيرة المدى لن تخصص في حال نشوب حرب مع حزب الله لحماية المدن والتجمعات السكنية، بل ستخصص فقط لحماية عدد من المواقع العسكرية الحساسة، كالمطارات التابعة لسلاح الجو، إضافة الى عدد آخر من المواقع الاستراتيجية، كمحطات توليد الطاقة والكهرباء.

موقع المنار غير مسؤول عن النص ومضمونه، وهو لا يعبّر إلا عن وجهة نظر كاتبه

 
River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian  

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this Blog!

The Staggering Cost of the jewish terror state to Americans

April 3, 2013

http://ifamericansknew.org/stats/cost.html
Israel has a population of approximately 7.8 million, or a million fewer than the state of New Jersey. It is among the world’s most affluent nations, with a per capita income similar to that of the European Union.[1] Israel’s unemployment rate of 5.6% is much better than America’s 9.1%,[2] and Israel’s net trade, earnings, and payments is ranked 48th in the world while the US sits at a dismal 198th.[3]
Yet Israel receives approximately 10% of America’s foreign aid budget every year.[4] The US has, in fact, given more aid to Israel than it has to all the countries of sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean combined—which have a total population of over a billion people.[5] And foreign aid is just one component of the staggering cost of our alliance with Israel.

Given the tremendous costs, it is critical to examine why we lavish so much aid on Israel, and whether it is worth Americans’ hard-earned tax dollars. But first, let’s take a look at what our alliance with Israel truly costs.

Before the Iraq War in 2003

Direct Foreign Aid

According to the Congressional Research Service , the amount of official US aid to Israel since its founding in 1948 tops $112 billion, and in the past few decades it has been on the order of $3 billion per year.[6](In 2011, for example, this amounted to over $8.2 million every single day.)

But this money is only part of the story. For one thing, Israel gets its aid money at the start of each year, unlike other nations.[7] This is significant: It means Israel can start earning interest on the money right away. And it costs the US more than the typical year-end disbursements because the US government operates at a deficit, so it must borrow this money to pay Israel and then pay interest on the amount all year.
Israel is also the only recipient of US military aid that is allowed to use a significant portion annually to purchase products made by Israeli companies instead of US companies. (The costs to Americans caused by this unique perk are discussed below.)

In addition, the US gives roughly $2 billion per year to Egypt and Jordan in aid packages arranged largely in exchange for peace treaties with Israel. The treaties don’t include justice for Palestinians, and are therefore deeply unpopular with the local populations.[8]

On top of this, the US gives roughly half a billion to the Palestinian Authority each year,[9] much of it used to rebuild infrastructure destroyed by Israel and to bolster an economy stifled by the Israeli occupation.[10] This would be unnecessary if Israel were to end the occupation and allow the Palestinians to build a functioning and self-sustaining economy.

Yet there’s still much more to the story, because parts of US aid to Israel are buried in the budgets of various US agencies, mostly the Department of Defense. For example, since at least 2006, the American Defense budget has included between $130 and $235 million per year for missile defense programs in Israel.[11]

In all, direct US disbursements to Israel amount to approximately 10% of all U.S. aid abroad, even though Israelis only make up 0.001% of the world’s population. In other words, on average, Israelis receive 10,000 times more US foreign aid per capita than other people throughout the world, despite the fact that Israel is one of the world’s more affluent nations.[12] And that number rises significantly when one considers disbursements to Egypt, Jordan, and the Palestinian Authority and Defense spending on behalf of Israel.

Additional Ad hoc support for Israel

Dr. Thomas Stauffer, a Harvard economist and Middle East studies professor who twice served in the Executive Office of the President, wrote a comprehensive report about all components of the alliance with Israel’s cost to American taxpayers for the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs in 2003. He wrote:

“Another element is ad hoc support for Israel, which is not part of the formal foreign aid programs. No comprehensive compilation of US support for Israel has been publicly released. Additional known items include loan guarantees… special contracts for Israeli firms, legal and illegal[13] transfers of marketable US military technology, de facto exemption from US trade protection provisions, and discounted sales or free transfers of ‘surplus’ US military equipment. An unquantifiable element is the trade and other aid given to Romania and Russia to facilitate Jewish migration to Israel; this has accumulated to many billions of dollars.”[14]

Israel has often used its privileged access to US military technology against both the US government and US corporate interests. According to the Associated Press in 2002, “In France, Turkey, The Netherlands and Finland, Israeli companies have edged such U.S. firms as Raytheon, Northrop Grumman and General Atomics out of arms deals worth hundreds of millions of dollars in recent years. The irony, experts say, is that tens of billions of U.S. tax dollars and transfers of American military technology helped create and nurture Israel’s industry, in effect subsidizing a foreign competitor.”

The AP article quoted a vice president at the Aerospace Industries Association of America, who bluntly said, “We give them money to build stuff for themselves and the U.S. taxpayer gets nothing in return.”[15]

Meanwhile, according to the Christian Science Monitor , Israel has also “blocked some major US arms sales, such as F-15 fighter aircraft to Saudi Arabia in the mid-1980s. That cost $40 billion over 10 years.”[16]

Even worse, Israeli weapons “buttress the arsenals of nations such as China that the United States considers strategic competitors, alarming US military planners,” the Associated Press article went on to report. “[In 2001] US surveillance planes flying along China’s coast were threatened by Chinese fighter jets armed with Israeli missiles… Had Chinese fighter pilots been given the order to fire, they could have brought down the US planes with Israeli Python III missiles… US defense chiefs say Israel sold China the missiles without informing the United States.”[17]

Lost jobs, trade, and standing

One of the most devastating indirect costs of the US alliance with Israel was the Arab oil boycott of 1973. The Arab states imposed the boycott in protest of US support of Israel during the 1973 war, in which Arab countries attacked Israel to try to reclaim lands Israel had invaded and occupied in 1967.

“Washington’s intervention triggered the Arab oil embargo which cost the U.S. doubly: first, due to the oil shortfall, the US lost about $300 billion to $600 billion in GDP; and, second, the US was saddled with another $450 billion in higher oil import costs,” wrote Stauffer in the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs.[18]

Then there’s the cost in lost jobs. “US policy and trade sanctions reduce US exports to the Middle East about $5 billion a year, costing 70,000 or so American jobs,” Stauffer estimates. “Not requiring Israel to use its US aid to buy American goods, as is usual in foreign aid, costs another 125,000 jobs.”[19]

But perhaps the most damaging cost to the US has been its loss of standing in the Arab and Muslim worlds, where US largesse towards Israel as it commits human rights violations[20] provokes deep resentment. “To many of the world’s Muslims, it places the US taxpayer on the Israeli side of its conflicts with Arabs,” observed the Associated Press article.[21]

According to Harvard professor Stephen Walt, “The 9/11 Commission reported that 9/11 plotter Khalid Sheikh Mohammed’s ‘animus toward the United States stemmed not from his experiences there as a student, but rather from his violent disagreement with US foreign policy favoring Israel.’ Other anti-American terrorists—such as Ramzi Yousef, who led the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center—have offered similar explanations for their anger toward the United States.”[22]

There are many more potential categories of costs that are even more difficult to quantify. All in all, Stauffer estimates that Israel cost the US about $1.6 trillion between 1973 and 2003 alone—more than twice the cost of the Vietnam war.[23]

Costs since Stauffer’s study in 2003

Israel’s cost to American taxpayers has remained high since Stauffer’s 2003 study. The US currently gives Israel an average of $3 billion a year in military aid, under an agreement signed by the Bush administration to transfer $30 billion to Israel over ten years, starting in 2009.[24]

All of the other extras and costs remain and in some cases have increased since 2003. For example, “Despite a tough economic climate and expected US budget cuts—including drastic cuts to the US military budget—US lawmakers will provide $236 million in fiscal 2012 for the Israeli development of three missile defense programs,” reported Israeli newspaper Haaretz.[25]

In addition, the US government “has provided $205 million to support the Iron Dome, manufactured by Israel’s state-owned Raphael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd. The system uses small radar-guided missiles to blow up in midair Katyusha-style rockets with ranges of 3 miles to 45 miles, as well as mortar bombs… Legislation moving through the Republican-controlled US House of Representatives would give Israel additional $680 million for the Iron Dome system through 2015.”[26]

And if, as many experts believe, the US would not have invaded Iraq without intense and sustained pressure from Washington insiders who advocate actively on behalf of Israel,[27] this adds yet another dimension of staggering cost to the equation: “hundreds of billions of dollars, 4,000-plus U.S. and allied fatalities, untold tens of thousands of Iraqi deaths, and many thousands of other US, allied, and Iraqi casualties,” according to retired US foreign service officer Shirl McArthur.[28]

Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz and Harvard professor Linda Bilmes put the cost of the Iraq War at over $3 trillion, and incalculably more if you take into account the opportunity costs of the resources spent on this unproductive war. For example, higher oil prices due to the war have had a devastating impact on America’s economy, and so have the surging federal debt and the servicing of that debt. Without the war, the 2008 financial crisis almost certainly would not have been as severe, and the Afghanistan war most likely would have been shorter, cheaper, and more effective.[29]

The Israel lobby and partisans are currently gunning for a war with Iran with the same zeal they showed in the run-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq.[30] By all estimates, the costs of a war with Iran will be much higher than the Iraq war. In addition to the loss of life, analysts predict, for example, that if Iran’s oil production were taken out of the world market, gas prices would rise 25-70 percent.

If the Straits of Hormuz (straits adjacent to Iran through which 20% of the world’s oil production passes on a daily basis) were attacked or blockaded, the cost of oil would skyrocket to a level never seen before, and the economic recession or depression that followed would be nothing short of “apocalyptic,” according to Matthew Yglesias writing for Slate .[31]

Reasons and Consequences

So now we are back to the question of why America continues to pour money into a state that commits daily human rights violations, defies US strategic interests,[32] provokes rage and resentment among billions of people,[33] competes with and crowds out US interests using technology subsidized by US taxpayers, and sells America’s military secrets to its enemies.[34]

The answer is simple and summed up well by professors Stephen Walt and John Mearsheimer in their ground-breaking article in the London Review of Books , “The Israel Lobby,”[35] and their book The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy .[36]

“Why has the US been willing to set aside its own security and that of many of its allies in order to advance the interests of another state?” the article asks. “One might assume that the bond between the two countries was based on shared strategic interests or compelling moral imperatives, but neither explanation can account for the remarkable level of material and diplomatic support that the US provides.

“Instead, the thrust of US policy in the region derives almost entirely from domestic politics, and especially the activities of the ‘Israel Lobby.’ Other special-interest groups have managed to skew foreign policy, but no lobby has managed to divert it as far from what the national interest would suggest, while simultaneously convincing Americans that US interests and those of the other country—in this case, Israel—are essentially identical.”[37]

AIPAC, the American Israel Public Affairs Committee, is consistently ranked in the top two most powerful lobbies in Washington.[38] And it is only one arm of the much larger, multi-faceted, and well-financed Israel lobby.[39]

According to Congressman Jim Moran, “AIPAC is very well organized. The members are willing to be very generous with their personal wealth. But it’s a two edged sword. If you cross AIPAC, AIPAC is unforgiving and will destroy you politically. Their means of communications, their ties to certain newspapers and magazines, and individuals in the media are substantial and intimidating. Every [Congress] member knows it’s the best-organized national lobbying force.”[40]

Senator Joseph Lieberman proudly stated, “Any attempt to pressure Israel, to force Israel to the negotiating table by denying Israel support, will not pass in Congress… Congress will act against any attempt to do that.”[41]

It’s true: The US Congress, along with the executive branch, overwhelmingly support virtually any action or wish of the Israeli government, no matter how at odds with US national interest or security,[42] primarily because of the power of the Israel lobby.[43]

Even when two AIPAC employees were indicted on espionage charges in 2005, and it was determined that they had obtained classified US government information illegally and passed it to Israeli agents, the charges were quietly dropped on technicalities.[44] AIPAC fired both employees and issued a statement that they were fired because their actions did not comport with AIPAC standards.[45] One of the fired employees, Steven Rosen, filed a lawsuit for defamation, claiming his actions were, in fact, common practice at AIPAC.[46]

When Israel attempted to sink a U.S. Navy ship, the USS Liberty , in 1967, killing 34 Americans and injuring over 170, it still failed to put a dent in aid to Israel.[47] Indeed, aid quadrupled the following year.[48]

Though Congressmen receive payments and support from the lobby in exchange for their loyalty, the American taxpayer is left footing the bill. As detailed above, the total cost has run from a bare minimum of $112 billion since 1948 (the cost of foreign aid alone) to $1.6 trillion or more, factoring in Defense appropriations, oil crises, the sinking of the USS Liberty , the heightened risk of terrorism, lost trade and co-opted technology, and countless other factors. If the Iraq war and the increased risk of a war with Iran are factored in, the cost skyrockets even higher.

Critics point out how much brighter our future would be if we had invested these billions or trillions in veteran rehabilitation and care, education, job creation, social security, housing, environmental clean-up and prevention, roads, bridges, health care, and scientific and health research. Or if Americans had simply held onto their tax dollars and used them as they saw fit, in our own economy. If some of the higher estimates are closer to the mark, our support for Israel could easily have covered the $700 billion TARP bailout with a great deal left over for massive stimulus spending and/or tax breaks.

If Israel were using these funds for a good purpose, one could debate whether the price was worth it. But Israel uses most of the money to prolong a 45-year military occupation (which regularly involves gross violations of international law),[49] commit egregious human rights violations,[50] and destroy billions of dollars worth of Palestinian homes and infrastructure[51] (resulting in still more U.S. tax money being sent to Palestinians to rebuild demolished homes, hospitals, and schools), while building illegal Jewish-only settlements on Palestinian land.[52]

It makes the prospect of peace ever more distant, creates dangerous hostility to the US, placing Americans in peril, and puts the US Congress in violation of the Arms Export Control Act,[53] all for the sake of campaign contributions.

There is no good reason to keep throwing good money after bad in a failed, ill-founded policy. It’s long past time for a fundamental rethinking of the American government’s blank check to Israel.

#

This report was produced by If Americans Knew analysts, particularly Pamela Olson, a President’s Scholar at Stanford University 1998-2002 with a major in Physics, a minor in Political Science, and 1600 GRE scores. Before coming to IAK, Olson lived and worked in the West Bank; worked as a researcher in Moscow, Siberia, and China; and was a research analyst at the Institute for Defense Analysis. She is the author of Fast Times in Palestine.

This analysis updates the groundbreaking 1998 work by Richard Curtiss, The Cost of Israel to U.S. Taxpayers,published in the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. Mr. Curtiss, following military service in World War II, served for 30 years as a career Foreign Service Officer. He received the U.S. Information Agency’s Superior Honor Award and the Edward R. Murrow award for excellence in Public Diplomacy, USIA’s highest professional recognition. Upon retirement, Mr. Curtiss co-founded and the American Educational Trust, which produces the Washington Report on Middle East Affairs. He is also the author of two books on U.S.-Middle East relations. A more extensive bio can be read here.


[1] “Country Comparison: GDP Per Capita (PPP),” CIA World Factbook, 2011. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2004rank.html
[2] “Country comparison: Unemployment rate,” CIA World Factbook, 2011. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2129rank.html
[3] “Country comparison: Current account balance,” CIA World Factbook, 2011. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2187rank.html
[4] US Department of States, “FY 2012 State and USAID – Core Budget,” February 14, 2011. http://www.state.gov/s/d/rm/rls/fs/2011/156553.htm
[5] Richard Curtiss, “The Cost of Israel to the American People,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, 1998. http://www.councilforthenationalinterest.org/component/k2/item/583-billions-in-aid
[6] Jeremy Sharp, “US foreign aid to Israel,” Congressional Research Service , September 16, 2010. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf
[7] Clyde R. Mark, “Israel: US Foreign Assistance,” Congressional Research Service, April 26, 2005http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/IB85066.pdf
(Particularly noteworthy is the subsection of this report entitled, “Special Benefits for Israel.”)
[8] Jeremy Sharp, “U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2011 Request,” Congressional Research Service , June 15, 2010. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL32260.pdf Most of this money goes to elites rather than the general population, adding to the resentment about these policies.
[9] Jim Zanotti, “US foreign aid to the Palestinians,” Congressional Research Service , November 9, 2011. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RS22967.pdf
[10] “Sustaining Achievements in Palestinian Institution-building and Economic Growth,” World Bank, September 18, 2011. http://unispal.un.org/pdfs/WBank09-2011_AHLCReport.pdf Quote from the report: “Ultimately, in order for the Palestinian Authority to sustain the reform momentum and its achievements in institution-building, remaining Israeli restrictions must be lifted.” See also: Dan Murphy, “Amid Palestinian statehood push, a grim World Bank report on the West Bank, Gaza,” Christian Science Monitor , September 14, 2011. http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Backchannels/2011/0914/Amid-Palestinian-statehood-push-a-grim-World-Bank-report-on-the-West-Bank-Gaza Quote from the article: “The World Bank says that recent economic growth in Gaza and the West Bank has been almost entirely thanks to foreign aid, that a slowing of foreign aid delivery has presented the PA with a possible fiscal crisis, and that Israeli policies continue to stand in the way of sustainable economic improvement in the territories.”
[11] Jeremy Sharp, “US foreign aid to Israel,” Congressional Research Service , September 16, 2010. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf For the 2012 budget of $235 million, see John T. Bennett, “U.S., Israeli Military Cooperation Remains Strong,” US News and World Report, March 2, 2012. http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/03/02/us-israeli-military-cooperation-remains-strong
[12] US Department of States, “FY 2012 State and USAID – Core Budget,” February 14, 2011. http://www.state.gov/s/d/rm/rls/fs/2011/156553.htm
[13] ‘Illegal transfers’ refers to several instances in which Israel has been accused of violating the Arms Export Control Act, which prohibits the use of US military assistance for purposes other than legitimate self-defense. For example, during Israel’s invasions of Lebanon in 1982 and 2006, the Israeli air force dumped tens of thousands of cluster bomblets over wide civilian areas, resulting in horrific and long-lasting civilian casualties with dubious military utility. That’s not even to begin to touch on daily Israeli violations of human rights in the Palestinian territories. Despite overwhelming evidence of Israeli violations of international law using US-supplied weapons, the US Congress has done little to comply with its own laws against funding such violations.
[14] Thomas Stauffer, “The Costs to American Taxpayers of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: $3 Trillion,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, June 2003. http://ifamericansknew.org/stats/stauffer.html Stauffer’s original paper, prepared for the conference: “The United States and the Arab World: Challenges and Opportunities” at the William S. Cohen Center for International Policy, University of Maine, and the US Army War College in October 2002, is posted here: http://www.solargeneral.com/library/cost-of-us-middle-east-policy-an-economic-overview-dr-thomas-r-stauffer.pdf (PDF) and here: http://www.scribd.com/Abegael88/d/88696279-Cost-of-Us-Middle-East-Policy-an-Economic-Overview-Dr-Thomas-r-Stauffer
[15] Jim Krane, “U.S. Aid to Israel Subsidizes a Potent Weapons Exporter,” Associated Press, June 20, 2002. http://ifamericansknew.org/us_ints/p-krane.html
[16] David Francis, “Economist tallies swelling cost of Israel to US,” Christian Science Monitor , December 9, 2002. http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/1209/p16s01-wmgn.html
[17] Jim Krane, “U.S. Aid to Israel Subsidizes a Potent Weapons Exporter,” Associated Press, June 20, 2002. http://ifamericansknew.org/us_ints/p-krane.html
[18] Thomas Stauffer, “The Costs to American Taxpayers of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: $3 Trillion,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, June 2003. http://ifamericansknew.org/stats/stauffer.html Stauffer’s original paper, prepared for the conference: “The United States and the Arab World: Challenges and Opportunities” at the William S. Cohen Center for International Policy, University of Maine, and the US Army War College in October 2002, is posted here: http://www.solargeneral.com/library/cost-of-us-middle-east-policy-an-economic-overview-dr-thomas-r-stauffer.pdf (PDF) and here: http://www.scribd.com/Abegael88/d/88696279-Cost-of-Us-Middle-East-Policy-an-Economic-Overview-Dr-Thomas-r-Stauffer
[19] David Francis, “Economist tallies swelling cost of Israel to US,” Christian Science Monitor , December 9, 2002. http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/1209/p16s01-wmgn.html
[20] For a small sampling of Israeli human rights violations, see Amnesty International’s “Annual Report: Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories 2011” http://www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/annual-report-israel-and-the-occupied-palestinian-territories-2011, Human Rights Watch’s most recent reports http://www.hrw.org/by-issue/publications/228, and the publications of B’Tselem (the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories) http://www.btselem.org/publications
[21] Jim Krane, “U.S. Aid to Israel Subsidizes a Potent Weapons Exporter,” Associated Press, June 20, 2002. http://ifamericansknew.org/us_ints/p-krane.html
[22] Stephen Walt, “Whiff of Desperation,” Foreign Policy, April 25, 2011. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/04/25/whiff_of_desperation?page=full
[23] David Francis, “Economist tallies swelling cost of Israel to US,” Christian Science Monitor , December 9, 2002. http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/1209/p16s01-wmgn.html
[24] Shirl McArthur, “A conservative estimate of total direct US aid to Israel: almost $114 billion,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, November 2008. http://ifamericansknew.org/stats/114bill.html
[25] Natasha Mozgovaya, “Obama signs bill that includes added U.S. military assistance to Israel,” Haaretz, December 24, 2011. http://www.Haaretz.com/blogs/focus-u-s-a/obama-signs-bill-that-includes-added-u-s-military-assistance-to-israel-1.403268
[26] “U.S. eyes funding boost for Israel’s ‘Iron Dome’ shield,” Reuters, May 17, 2012. http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/05/18/us-usa-israel-irondome-idUSBRE84G10P20120518
[27] John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, “The Israel Lobby,” London Review of Books , March 23, 2006. http://www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n06/john-mearsheimer/the-israel-lobby See also: Stephen J. Sniegoski, “The Transparent Cabal: The Neoconservative Agenda, War in the Middle East, and the National Interest of Israel,” Ihs Press, September 1, 2008.
[28] Shirl McArthur, “A conservative estimate of total direct US aid to Israel: almost $114 billion,” Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, November 2008. http://ifamericansknew.org/stats/114bill.html
[29] Joseph Stiglitz and Linda Bilmes, “The true cost of the Iraq war: $3 trillion and beyond,” Washington Post , September 5, 2010. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/09/03/AR2010090302200.html
[30] See articles at http://www.councilforthenationalinterest.org/costs/iran
[31] Matthew Yglesias, “War for No Oil,” Slate , March 7, 2012. Link
[32] See, for example: Mark Landler, “Obama Presses Netanyahu to Resist Strikes on Iran,” New York Times, March 5, 2012. www.nytimes.com/2012/03/06/world/middleeast/obama-cites-window-for-diplomacy-on-iran-bomb.html And: “Biden condemns new Israeli settlement plan,” USA Today, March 9, 2010. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2010-03-09-Israel_N.htm
[33] Andrew Sullivan, “Why Continue to Build the Settlements?” The Daily Beast, March 30, 2012. http://andrewsullivan.thedailybeast.com/2012/03/why-beinart-matters.html Excerpt: “The deliberate population of occupied lands violates the Geneva Conventions. The occupation itself enrages the Arab and Muslim world and creates a huge drag on the US’s strategic need to build up allies among emerging Arab democracies, and defuse Jihadism across the globe.” See also: Philip Weiss, “Former State Department official says Obama calls for human rights and democracy are ‘undercut’ by position on Palestinians,” Mondoweiss , April 2, 2012. http://mondoweiss.net/2012/04/former-state-dept-official-says-obama-calls-for-human-rights-and-democracy-are-undercut-by-position-on-palestinians.html
[34] Jim Krane, “U.S. Aid to Israel Subsidizes a Potent Weapons Exporter,” Associated Press, June 20, 2002. http://ifamericansknew.org/us_ints/p-krane.html
[35] John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, “The Israel Lobby,” London Review of Books , March 23, 2006. http://www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n06/john-mearsheimer/the-israel-lobby
[36] John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, The Israel Lobby and US Foreign Policy , Farrar, Straus and Giroux, August 2007.
[37] John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt, “The Israel Lobby,” London Review of Books , March 23, 2006. http://www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n06/john-mearsheimer/the-israel-lobby An earlier book by former Congressman Paul Findley, They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions Confront Israel’s Lobby, first exposed this in 1985. Findley and others founded the Council for the National Interest to try to counter this.
[38] Jeffrey Birnbaum, “Washington’s Power 25: which pressure groups are best at manipulating the laws we live by?” CNN Money , December 8, 1997. http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/1997/12/08/234927/index.htm Other top contenders include the American Association of Retired Persons, with over 40 million members, and the National Rifle Association.
[39] “Introduction to the Israel lobby,” Council for the National Interest , August 19, 2011. http://www.councilforthenationalinterest.org/israellobby
[40] Michael Lerner, “The Israel Lobby,” Tikkun Magazine , September/October 2007. http://www.tikkun.org/article.php/Lerner-the-israel-lobby
[41] Jeremy Sharp, “US foreign aid to Israel,” Congressional Research Service , September 16, 2010. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf
[42] Max Fisher, “Should U.S. Veto UN Measure Condemning Israeli Settlements?” The Atlantic Wire , January 20, 2011. http://www.theatlanticwire.com/global/2011/01/should-u-s-veto-un-measure-condemning-israeli-settlements/21438
[43] “Even if Democrats and Republicans bicker on every other issue, AIPAC leaders seemed constantly eager to stress that one thing on which the parties can come together is unswerving devotion to Israel.” Gregory Levey, “Inside America’s powerful Israel lobby,” Salon , March 16, 2007. http://www.salon.com/2007/03/16/aipac Just recently has there been some high-level pushback against AIPAC’s hegemonic power in Washington. See, for example: Robert Dreyfuss, “AIPAC: Still the chosen one?” Mother Jones , September/October 2009. http://motherjones.com/politics/2009/09/aipac-still-chosen-one And: Alex Kane, “Sunlight on the lobby: AIPAC’s push for war exposed in ‘Atlantic’ magazine blog,” Mondoweiss , February 24, 2012. http://mondoweiss.net/2012/02/sunlight-on-the-lobby-aipacs-push-for-war-exposed-in-atlantic-magazine-blog.html
[44] Wikipedia, “Steven J. Rosen.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_J._Rosen#The_indictment_of_Rosen_and_Weissman
[45] Nathan Guttman, “AIPAC Gets Down and Dirty in Pushback vs. Defamation Suit,” The Forward, November 16, 2010. http://forward.com/articles/133172/aipac-gets-down-and-dirty-in-pushback-vs-defamatio
[46] Jeff Stein, “Ex-AIPAC official got at least $670,000 from donors,” Washington Post , November 19, 2012. http://voices.washingtonpost.com/spy-talk/2010/11/ex-aipac_official_got_670000_from_private_donors.html
[47] The findings of the Independent Commission of Inquiry into the Israeli Attack on the USS Liberty , the Recall of Military Rescue Support Aircraft while the Ship was Under Attack, and the Subsequent Cover-up by the United States Government can be read at http://ifamericansknew.org/us_ints/ul-commfindings.html
[48] Jeremy Sharp, “US foreign aid to Israel,” Congressional Research Service , September 16, 2010. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/mideast/RL33222.pdf
[49] Jeremy R. Hammond, “Rogue State: Israeli Violations of U.N. Security Council Resolutions,” Foreign Policy Journal, January 27, 2010. http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2010/01/27/rogue-state-israeli-violations-of-u-n-security-council-resolutions
[50] For a small sampling of Israeli human rights violations, see Amnesty International’s “Annual Report: Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories 2011” http://www.amnestyusa.org/research/reports/annual-report-israel-and-the-occupied-palestinian-territories-2011, Human Rights Watch’s most recent reports http://www.hrw.org/by-issue/publications/228, and the publications of B’Tselem (the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories) http://www.btselem.org/publications
[51] See, for example, “Frequently Asked Questions,” The Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions. http://www.icahd.org/?page_id=313 And Rory McCarthy, “Hamas offers $52m handouts to help hardest-hit Gazans,” The Guardian, January 25, 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/26/hamas-payout-gaza-infrastructure
[52] “Israeli Settlements on Palestinian Land,” If Americans Knew, May 2002. http://www.ifamericansknew.org/stats/settlements.html
[53] The Arms Export Control Act prohibits the use of US military assistance for purposes other than legitimate self-defense. Despite overwhelming evidence of Israeli violations of international law using US-supplied weapons (a few of them outlined in citations above), the US Congress has done little to comply with its own laws against funding these violations.

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